Forest head system: Anhui model for ecological civilization construction release date: Source: Anhui
in winter, in the bigenguo modern agricultural industrial park in Beijian village, Banta Town, Lai'an county, the bigenguo seedlings selected as open loop fields throughout the mountain system stood upright in the wind, and workers in groups of 35 were busy watering, fertilizing and cultivating soil. "At present, the industrial park has successfully planted 7000 mu of Bigen fruit seedlings. After entering the high production period, the annual output of Bigen fruit is expected to reach 1million kg." Chen Cuifeng, director of the industrial park and assistant mayor of Banta Town, introduced
since the beginning of this year, Sichuan has deepened the reform of the forest head system, established 30 pilot areas of different types of forest head system reform, and more than 52000 forest heads at all levels in the province have protected, increased, managed, used and live green. At present, the forest area in the Province has reached more than 62.62 million mu, and the forest coverage rate has exceeded 30%. The reform of forest head system has achieved remarkable results and become a well-known brand of Anhui reform in the new era The provincial Party committee and the provincial government conscientiously implemented the spirit of the general secretary's important speech. In march2017, the provincial Party committee and the provincial government proposed to explore the implementation of the forest head system, and established a five-level forest head system in provinces, cities, counties and villages with the party and government leadership system as the core. In 2017, the reform of forest head system was piloted in Hefei, Anqing, Xuancheng and other places. In 2018, it was launched in the whole province, demonstrated nationally in 2019, and deepened the reform in 2020. In October, 2020, the proposal of the "14th five year plan" approved by the Fifth Plenary Session of the 19th Central Committee of the Communist Party of China clearly proposed to "implement the forest head system". In November, the 16th meeting of the central deep reform commission reviewed and adopted the "opinions on comprehensively implementing the forest head system", and the forest head system was popularized throughout the country
"relying on the reform of the forest leader system, the forestry development of our province has changed from the" small horse pulling a cart "of the forestry department to all levels. The company will establish a Lego sustainable development material center in 2015 and 2016. All departments will" sing a play together "
- reform and solve the perennial problems, and gather all parties to develop forestry.
in winter, the 18th Lianwei wetland in Feidong County is connected with the wetland water surface in PP, PE, PVC, elastomer A piece of rubber and other products is added in a certain proportion. From a distance, the water and the sky are the same, the blue waves are rippling, and egrets play in the water from time to time
the ten Wetland Park groups around Chaohu Lake have been included in the key project construction of Hefei forest director system, which is guaranteed by the municipal forest director, who takes the lead in coordinating various functional departments to solve the problems of land acquisition, demolition, capital and so on
heyuzhu, the head of Hefei forest head system office, told Hefei that Hefei has deeply promoted the reform and innovation of forest head system, and prepared the implementation plan of Hefei forest head system and the implementation plan of key projects of Hefei forest head system. Municipal forest leaders went deep into 23 projects including the ten wetlands around Chaohu Lake, Dashushan National Forest Park and botanical garden, supervised the construction of scheduling projects and guided the formulation of specific promotion plans. Since 2019, municipal forest managers have investigated and dispatched key projects more than 40 times and solved more than 20 problems
"the forest head system has solved some long-standing problems, chewed down a lot of 'hard bones' and mobilized the efforts of all parties to focus on forestry development." Niu Xiangyang, director of the Provincial Forestry Bureau, introduced that the reform of the forest head system has broken away from the chronic diseases and preliminarily solved the long-standing problems of "desalination of ideas, virtual responsibilities, fragmentation of power and functions, generalization of measures and weakening of functions" in forestry development. Over the past three years, the forest chiefs of cities and counties in the province have carried out 13351 forest patrols and solved 10403 problems
the five tasks of protecting, increasing, managing, using and invigorating green have been clearly defined in our province, forming a working pattern in which the provincial chief forest leader assumes overall responsibility, the municipal and county chief forest leaders pay attention to command and coordination, the regional chief forest leaders pay attention to supervision and regulation, the functional area chief forest leaders pay attention to characteristics, and the rural chief forest leaders pay attention to implementation. Forest leaders at all levels have goals, and all relevant departments have positions. Each level is responsible for each level. They conduct assessment and evaluation every year, and honor rewards and punishments
the provincial Party committee and the provincial government have refined the responsibilities of 27 relevant departments directly under the provincial government in the reform of the forest head system, established working mechanisms such as meeting scheduling, work supervision, assessment and accountability, and social supervision, and each city has issued 752 supporting systems for the reform of the forest head system, forming a system of linkage, coordination and high efficiency
"relying on the reform of the forest head system, the forestry development of our province has changed from the" small horse pulling a cart "of the forestry department to the" one play "of all departments at all levels." Anhui forestry bureau official said
"thanks to the forest leader system, once barren mountains have become green mountains, and our environment here is more beautiful"
-- Innovation stimulates forestry vitality, and explores and forms a series of replicable and replicable pilot experience
in order to effectively transform the advantages of the forest leader system reform into forestry management functions, in June this year, Anhui was located in six areas: the northern Anhui plain, the Huaihe River, the Jianghuai watershed, the Yangtze River, the Dabie Mountains in Western Anhui, and the mountainous areas in southern Anhui, 30 pilot areas of different types of forest head system reform are selected to be established, and each pilot area will focus on exploring 2 to 5 innovation points in system and mechanism, so as to promote the formation of more replicable and replicable pilot experience
"thanks to the forest head system, the once barren mountains have become green mountains, and our environment here is more beautiful." Said yangjiangqin, the forest head of Yangting village, wuheng Township, Yixiu District, Anqing city. In the early years, it was still a barren mountain. Now it is "green everywhere when you go out"
Yangting village is the pilot area of Anqing city's forest head system reform demonstration area. In recent years, the local government has vigorously promoted standardized management to achieve detailed tasks and clear division of labor. Whoever guarantees will be responsible, and whoever defaults will be held accountable
in the forest land of Yangting village, a number of signboards of forest leaders were erected, and ancient and famous trees were also wearing QR codes. "By formulating village rules and regulations, we have achieved the 'five prohibitions and Four Unifications', that is, indiscriminate mining and felling, mountain excavation, private burial, hardening of graves, and going up the mountain with open fire are strictly prohibited. All ancient, famous, big and rare trees are listed for protection, all mountain farms are closed for afforestation, all going up the mountain with open fire are detained, and all cadres are held accountable for their breach of duty." Yangjiangqin said
the top of the mountain is a public welfare forest, the hillside is a fruit forest, and the foot of the mountain is a precious nursery stock. The annual output value of the tea garden in Yangting village exceeds one million, the tourism income exceeds 5million, and the labor employment income exceeds 2million
the pilot areas in various demonstration areas actively explore innovation. Anqing took the lead in preparing the forest head system plan nationwide, carried out local legislation on the forest head system, explored the "forest head + procurator general" cooperation mechanism, and comprehensively built a forest head system service platform. Chuzhou selected five state-owned forest farms to innovate the investment and financing mode of national reserve forests, and explored the establishment of a paid use mechanism of state-owned forests and a monitoring and management mechanism of forest resources. Xuancheng City has established a forest director system of social supervisors in key ecological functional areas, employing 44 social supervisors to carry out regular supervision
"the establishment of the pilot area of the forest head system reform has further stimulated the vitality of forestry development." Qi Xin, deputy director of the Provincial Forestry Bureau, said that during the "13th five year plan" period, our province completed 7.714 million mu of afforestation, exceeding the planned task. At present, the forest area of the whole province has reached 62.62 million mu, and the forest coverage rate has exceeded 30%. The disaster rate of forest pests shall be controlled below 6 ‰ and the disaster rate of forest fires shall be controlled below 0.5 ‰
"in the past, the traffic conditions here were poor, and investors had to give up if they wanted to develop tourism. Now we have introduced a huge amount of money to build a forest featured town"
-- do a good job in "using green" and "living green" articles, and turn ecological advantages into economic advantages
in the Matou state-owned forest farm in Jing County, the forest layers are dyed, the mountain springs are clear, and birds and insects sing. The newly built forest roads extend in all directions, and the wide cement roads extend to the depths of the forest
"in the past, the traffic conditions here were poor, so investors had to give up if they wanted to develop tourism. Now we have introduced a huge amount of money to build a forest featured town." Botou state-owned forest farm director bulanggao said
2019, Jingxian county will explore and try out the dual County-Level Forest leader model of state-owned forest farms, and establish Jingxian state-owned forestry development Co., Ltd. to undertake national, provincial, municipal and county forestry development projects, and implement investment and financing of key forestry industries, infrastructure and social projects
Matou forest farm has introduced enterprises to invest 120million yuan to develop a forest featured town. Taking matouxiang health and sightseeing park project as the main body, matouxiang forest farm has revitalized its resources, developed forest tourism, transformed abandoned barren mountains into more than 4000 mu of Huahai orchard, and transformed the old farm office buildings and staff dormitories into high-quality homestays... The 100 year old farm is full of vitality due to the reform of the forest head system
in order to do a good job in "using green" and "living green" and turn ecological advantages into economic advantages, Laian county began to explore the road of rural industrial integration development of "nursery stock + tourism"
Jialong village of the county is characterized by the local continuous planting of Photinia rubra and Begonia crabapple. It plans to build a comprehensive ecological park integrating "ecological planting area", "ecological breeding area" and "characteristic ecological leisure area". It will build a number of characteristic scenic spots such as fruit and vegetable picking area, flower and nursery stock basin landscape garden and landscape stone garden, forming an idyllic complex integrating natural ecology and leisure and entertainment. In 2019 alone, the tourism revenue of Jialong village exceeded 2.3 million yuan
in order to break the "stumbling block" restricting forestry development, Anhui Province issued 22 policies to optimize the forestry development environment and 17 measures to comprehensively promote the "five green" tasks. Relevant provincial departments have formulated supporting measures in more than 10 aspects, including promoting the high-quality development of land greening and forest resources, improving the compensation standard for public welfare forests, accelerating the construction of forest roads, expanding forestry investment and financing channels, developing characteristic forestry industries, strengthening the protection and restoration of wetlands, and deepening the reform and development of state-owned forest farms, playing a strong policy "combination fist"
up to now, the province has accumulatively completed nearly 23.32 billion yuan of forest right mortgage loans, opened up a new financing channel of "five green rejuvenating forests and encouraging farming loans", and implemented a total of 365million yuan of financing guarantee loans. The industries of characteristic economic forest, woody oil plants, seedlings and flowers, under forest economy, eco-tourism and forest health care have developed rapidly. There are more than 30000 new types of forestry business entities. The province has 33 national key leading forestry enterprises and 814 provincial leading forestry industrialization enterprises. Since 2019, the total forestry output value of the province has reached 434.8 billion, an increase of 7.5% year-on-year